A high-risk pregnancy is one in which the mother or the baby is at increased risk of complications. There are many factors that can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy, including maternal age, medical conditions, and certain lifestyle factors. Some common high-risk pregnancy factors include:
Advanced maternal age
Women over the age of 35 are more likely to have complications during pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and preterm labor.
Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and autoimmune disorders, can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy.
Smoking, alcohol use, and drug use can all increase the risk of complications during pregnancy.
Pregnancies with more than one baby, such as twins or triplets, are considered high-risk because of the increased risk of preterm labor and other complications.
Previous pregnancy complications: Women who have had complications during a previous pregnancy, such as preterm labor or a miscarriage, are more likely to have complications in future pregnancies.
To manage a high-risk pregnancy, it is important for pregnant women to receive specialized care from a healthcare provider who is experienced in managing high-risk pregnancies. This may involve regular prenatal care and monitoring, as well as the use of specialized tests and treatments to address any potential complications. In some cases, it may be necessary to deliver the baby early, either by inducing labor or by performing a cesarean delivery, to prevent complications and ensure the safety of the mother and the baby.